China and the Southeast Asian countries are located in the convergent zone of the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Andaman Sea, and South China Sea. The economy of these countries is largely sea-related, such as fisheries and tourism, and even the regional agriculture also depends on the precipitation brought by marine monsoon. Extreme synoptic or climatic events sometime may cause huge loss to these countries. With the rapid development of economy, this area is facing many common problems, including marine environmental change, destruction of marine ecosystems, pollution of sea water, coral reef bleaching, degradation of mangrove, coastal erosion, and so on. To effectively solve the above problems and mitigate the resulted damage, China and the Southeast Asian countries must cooperate on ocean observation/monitoring, marine forecasting, early warning of marine disasters, marine environment protection and management, sustainable exploitation of marine resources, development and innovation of marine technologies, etc.
To strengthen the cooperation among China and the Southeast Asian countries on marine science and technology, totally 5 China-Southeast Asian Countries Marine Cooperation Forums have been organized during the past five years. The 1st Forum was held in Bali, Indonesia in November 2013, the 2nd Forum was in Phuket, Thailand in November 2014, the 3rd in Qingdao, China in November 2015, and the 4th in Siem Reap, Cambodia in December 2016, and the latest one was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in December 2017. The outcomes of the Forums have positively promoted the regional marine cooperation and many cooperative project proposals were developed through discussion among Forum participants. Up to present, three projects have got funded by the China-ASEAN Countries’ Maritime Cooperation Fund, namely 1) Ocean Forecasting and Marine Disasters Early Warning System for Southeast Asia, 2) Research for Conservation of Marine Endangered Species and Ecosystems in the Southeast Asia, and 3) Building Ecological Management Network for China-ASEAN Marine Protected Areas.
This Forum welcomes experts and officials from China and the Southeast Asian countries to discuss and communicate on commonly interested topics related to marine science, technology, and policies, and aims to serve as a regular and effective platform for the Southeast Asian countries and China for future cooperation.
The Sixth China-Southeast Asian Countries Marine Cooperation Forum will be held in Beihai, China on 16-17 November 2018. The Ministry of Natural Resources of China (State Oceanic Administration of China) will co-host the Forum with the Guangxi Provincial Government. The First Institute of Oceanography (FIO) and the Fourth Institute of Oceanography (4IO) of the Ministry of Natural Resources will work together with the local governments as the co-organizers.
Based on the outcomes of the past five successful Forums, the Sixth China-Southeast Asian Countries Marine Cooperation Forum aims to further strengthening the communication of marine science and technology among the Southeast Asian countries and China. Participants from China and the Southeast countries will be invited to communicate with each other.
A few side events will be organized during the Forum.